Hormone levels

 
Hormone Levels

Normal male and female reference levels
17-beta-OESTRADIOL (E2)
Ref. Range [15-60M/12.5-166F] pg/ml
Follicular Phase 20 - 130 pg/ml
Ovulatory Peak 130 - 370 pg/ml
Luteal Phase 70 - 250 pg/ml
Post-Menopausal 15 - 60 pg/ml
M2F Transgender 63 - 1150 pg/ml
Males 15 - 60 pg/ml

Oestradiol - E2 [estradiol] or 17-beta-oestradiol is an oestrogen (estrogen) and said to be the main "female" hormone even though it exist in both females and males. In all there is 3 oestrogens where the other two are oestrone (E1) [estrone] and oestriol (E3) [estriol]. In most cases only Oestradiol is tested as this is the main oestrogen hormone. Please note that the reason why the oestrogen level in M2F is set as high is because for those whom uses intramuscular injection (IM) hormone

injections will have such a peek after IM is done. Based on this there is NOT a goal to have such high levels for M2F's as they should try to keep it within the female range.

PROGESTERONE (P4)
Ref. Range [0.1-1.0M/0.2-25F] ng/dl
Follicular Phase 0.2 - 1.4 ng/dl
Luteal Phase 4.0 - 25 ng/dl
M2F Transgender 0.4 - 2.5 ng/dl
Males 0.1 - 1.0 ng/dl

Progesterone (P4) is a steroid hormone and said to be a "female"hormone even though it exist in both females and males. Beside being antioestrogenic progesterone also regulates organs during the menstrual cycle and it is particularly important in preparing the endometrium in case pregnancy occurs.

In non-pregnant women however progesterone is mainly secreted by the corpus luteum whereas in pregnancy the placenta becomes the major source. Progesterone are also produced in the adrenal cortex in both females and males whereas in males progesterone is also produced by the testes. Progesterone also effectively blocks 5-alpha-reductase conversion of testosterone into DHT.

TOTAL TESTOSTERONE (T)
Ref. Range [270-1100M/6-86F] ng/dl
Females 6 - 86 ng/dl
M2F Transgender 5 - 85 ng/dl
Males 270 - 1100 ng/dl

Testosterone (T) is the most important male sex steroid hormones but still exist in both male and female where in men it's synthesized by the testes while in the females it's produced in ovaries and adrenal gland in both sexes. About 98 % of the circulating testosterone is bound and on an average a male

body produces about ten times more testosterone than a female body. About 7% of total testosterone is reduced to 5a-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) by 5a-reductase, where DHT is highly expressed in male sex organs and hair follicles. In addition, approx. 0.3% of testosterone is converted into oestradiol by aromatase an enzyme expressed in the brain, liver, and adipose tissues. Most males produces 6-8 mg of the male hormone testosterone per day, compared to most women who produce only 0.5 mg daily.

DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE (DHT)
Ref. Range [250-990M/24-368F] ng/dl
Premenopausal 24 - 368 ng/dl
Postmenopausal 10-181 ng/dl
M2F Transgender 20 - 200 ng/dl
Males 250-990 ng/dl

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is a more potent form of testosterone that is metabolized by the body from other androgens. In men most is made from testosterone, while in women the main source is androstenedione. Current research indicates that DHT is responsible for male-pattern balding and excessive, unwanted hair in both sexes.

In males it is also responsible for non-cancerous prostate swelling (BPH). DHT is a more potent form of testosterone while oestradiol has completely different activities (feminisation) compared to testosterone (masculinisation).

PROLACTIN (PRL)
Ref. Range [2.1-17.7M/4.1-18.4F] ng/dl
Females 2.8 - 29.2 ng/dl
M2F Transgender 2.8 - 25.7 ng/dl
Males 2.1 - 17.7 ng/dl

Prolactin (PRL) also called Luteotropic Hormone (LTH) is a peptide hormone primarily associated with lactation in females and femal transexuals (M2F). Breastfeeding would stimulate the production of prolactin, which fills the breast with milk via a process called lactogenesis.

Oxytocin, another hormone would also be released causing milk from the breasts to be extracted. Beside stimulating the mammary glands to produce milk, prolactin are also involved in orgasms. Increased serum concentrations of prolactin during pregnancy cause enlargement of the mammary glands of the breasts and increases the production of milk.

   
LIPID PROFILE
Test Name Ref. Range Unit
Cholesterol 0 - 250 mg/dl
Triglyceride 0 - 150 mg/dl
HDL - Cholesterol 35 - 60 mg/dl
Total Protein 6.6 - 8.7 g/dl
Albumin 3.8 - 5,1 g/dl
Globulin 2.8 - 3.6 g/dl
Total Bilirubin-Auto 0 - 1.1 mg/dl
Direct Bilirubin Auto 0 - 0.3 mg/dl
AST (SGOT) 0 - 37 U/L
ALT (SGPT) 0 - 42 U/L
LDC-C 0 - 200 mg/dl
Alkaline Phos DGKC 64 - 306 U/L
ELECTROLYTE
Test Name Ref. Range Unit
Sodium 135 - 150 mEq/L
Potassium 3.8 - 5.5 mEq/L
Chloride 98 - 106 mEq/L
CO2 22.0 - 32.0 mEq/L